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RUT240 Hotspot

Summary #

Wireless Hotspots are essentially Wireless Access Points – they provide network and/or internet access to other Wi-Fi devices. The difference is that Hotspots are a lot more versatile when it comes to managing, monitoring and authenticating the wireless network’s users. For example, while Wireless APs can be password protected, with Hotspots you can configure different users with different names, passwords, even data limits and data speeds and more. This chapter is an overview of the Wireless Hotspot function in RUT routers.

The information in this page is updated in accordance with the RUT2XX_R_00.01.12 firmware version.

General #

The General tab is where most of the Hotspot configurations take place. This section will be divided into six sub-sections – one for each Authentication mode, since the chosen Authentication mode will define how the Hotspot will be configured in general.

External Radius #

External Radius authentication mode uses an external Radius server, to which you have to provide an address to, instead of using the router’s internal Radius server.

Services hotspot configuration external v 2.PNG
Field NameValueDescription
Configuration profileCustom | Cloud4wi | Hotspotsystem; Default: CustomIf not set to Custom, Configuration profile selections will automatically fill all the fields in accordance with the chosen profile. It also automatically adds an exception for the chosen service in the Walled Garden section. Used only with External radius Authentication mode.
Enableyes | no; Default: noToggles Wi-Fi Hotspot ON or OFF
AP IPip; Default: 192.168.2.254/24Access Point IP address defines the IP address of your Hotspot’s network
Logout addresshost | ip; Default: 1.1.1.1An address that can be used by users to logout from the Hotspot session
Authentication modeExternal radius | Internal radius | Without radius | Advertisement | MAC auth | SMS OTP; Default: Without radiusAuthentication mode defines how users will connect to the Hotspot
Authentication protocolPAP | CHAP; Default: PAPAuthentication protocol used to authenticate new connections on the Hotspot
Terms of serviceyes | no; Default: noIf enabled, users have to agree to the Terms of service before logging in. Custom Terms of service can be defined in the Landing Page section
RADIUS server #1 | RADIUS server #2ip; Default: ” “The IP address of the RADIUS server that is to be used for Authenticating your wireless clients
Authentication portinteger [0..65535]; Default: 1812RADIUS server authentication port
Accounting portinteger [0..65535]; Default: 1813RADIUS server accounting port
Radius secret keystring; Default: ” “The secret key is a password used for authentication with the RADIUS server
UAM portinteger [0..65535]; Default: 4990Port to bind for authenticating clients
UAM UI portinteger [0..65535]; Default: 4990UAM User Interface port
UAM secretstring; Default: ” “Shared secret between the UAM server and the Hotspot
NAS identifierstring; Default: ” “NAS-Identifier is one of the basic RADIUS attributes
Swap octetsyes | no; Default: noSwaps the meaning of input octets and output as it relates to RADIUS attributes
Location namestring; Default: ” “Custom location name for your Hotspot
External landing pageyes | no; Default: noEnables the use of an external landing page
Landing page addressstring; Default: ” “External landing page address (http://www.example.com)
Success URLstring; Default: ” “URL for user redirection after successful authentication (http://www.example.com)
ProtocolHTTP | HTTPS; Default: HTTPConnection protocol of your Hotspot
HTTPS redirectyes | no; Default: noRedirects HTTP pages to landing page
SSL key file.key file; Default: ” “SSL key file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
SSL certificate file.crt file; Default: ” “SSL certificate file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
Use custom DNSyes | no; Default: noEnables the use of custom DNS servers instead of your regular DNS
DNS server 1 | DNS server 2ip; Default: ” “Additional DNS servers that are to be used by the Hotspot. These fields become visible only if Use custom DNS is enabled

Internal Radius #

Internal Radius is Authentication mode that uses the router’s internal RADIUS server for authentication. Teltonika routers’ RADIUS server has RFC 2866 RADIUS Accounting and RFC 2869 RADIUS Extensions implemented.

Services hotspot configuration internal v 2.PNG
Field NameValueDescription
Configuration profileCustom | Cloud4wi | Hotspotsystem; Default: CustomIf not set to Custom, Configuration profile selections will automatically fill all the fields in accordance with the chosen profile. It also automatically adds an exception for the chosen service in the Walled Garden section. Used only with External radius Authentication mode.
Enableyes | no; Default: noToggles Wi-Fi Hotspot ON or OFF
AP IPip; Default: 192.168.2.254/24Access Point IP address defines the IP address of your Hotspot’s network
Logout addresshost | ip; Default: 1.1.1.1An address that can be used by users to logout from the Hotspot session
Authentication modeExternal radius | Internal radius | Without radius | Advertisement | MAC auth | SMS OTP; Default: Without radiusAuthentication mode defines how users will connect to the Hotspot
Terms of serviceyes | no; Default: noIf enabled, users have to agree to the Terms of service before logging in. Custom Terms of service can be defined in the Landing Page section
External landing pageyes | no; Default: noEnables the use of an external landing page
Landing page addressstring; Default: ” “External landing page address (http://www.example.com)
Success URLstring; Default: ” “URL for user redirection after successful authentication (http://www.example.com)
ProtocolHTTP | HTTPS; Default: HTTPConnection protocol of your Hotspot
HTTPS redirectyes | no; Default: noRedirects HTTP pages to landing page
SSL key file.key file; Default: ” “SSL key file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
SSL certificate file.crt file; Default: ” “SSL certificate file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
Use custom DNSyes | no; Default: noEnables the use of custom DNS servers instead of your regular DNS
DNS server 1 | DNS server 2ip; Default: ” “Additional DNS servers that are to be used by the Hotspot. These fields become visible only if Use custom DNS is enabled

Without Radius #

Without Radius Authentication doesn’t use a Radius server to authenticate users connecting to the Hotspot, instead it gives you the possibility to configure different users with different password and session parameters.

Services hotspot configuration without v 2.PNG
Field NameValueDescription
Configuration profileCustom | Cloud4wi | Hotspotsystem; Default: CustomIf not set to Custom, Configuration profile selections will automatically fill all the fields in accordance with the chosen profile. It also automatically adds an exception for the chosen service in the Walled Garden section. Used only with External radius Authentication mode.
Enableyes | no; Default: noToggles Wi-Fi Hotspot ON or OFF
AP IPip; Default: 192.168.2.254/24Access Point IP address defines the IP address of your Hotspot’s network
Logout addresshost | ip; Default: 1.1.1.1An address that can be used by users to logout from the Hotspot session
Authentication modeExternal radius | Internal radius | Without radius | Advertisement | MAC auth | SMS OTP; Default: Without radiusAuthentication mode defines how users will connect to the Hotspot
Terms of serviceyes | no; Default: noIf enabled, users have to agree to the Terms of service before logging in. Custom Terms of service can be defined in the Landing Page section
External landing pageyes | no; Default: noEnables the use of an external landing page
Landing page addressstring; Default: ” “External landing page address (http://www.example.com)
Success URLstring; Default: ” “URL for user redirection after successful authentication (http://www.example.com)
ProtocolHTTP | HTTPS; Default: HTTPConnection protocol of your Hotspot
HTTPS redirectyes | no; Default: noRedirects HTTP pages to landing page
SSL key file.key file; Default: ” “SSL key file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
SSL certificate file.crt file; Default: ” “SSL certificate file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
Use custom DNSyes | no; Default: noEnables the use of custom DNS servers instead of your regular DNS
DNS server 1 | DNS server 2ip; Default: ” “Additional DNS servers that are to be used by the Hotspot. These fields become visible only if Use custom DNS is enabled

Users Configuration #

The Users Configuration tab is used to create new, unique users that can connect to the Hotspot.

Services hotspot configuration user.PNG
Field NameValueDescription
Usernamestring; Default: ” “A custom user name used to authenticate clients connecting to the Hotspot
Passwordstring; Default: ” “A custom password for the specified user name
Session Templatestring; Default: unlimitedSession templates define session settings for different users. The unlimited Session Template is a default template with no restrictions. More on Session Template in the next section

Session Templates #

Session Template is a set of rules that can be prescribed to a Hotspot user. A default template named unlimited is present in the router, but it has no configured restrictions. You can edit the default template or you can create a custom template and configure it.

Services hotspot configuration session template.PNG
Field NameValueDescription
Idle timeoutinteger; Default: ” “A timeout in seconds after which idle users are automatically disconnected from the Hotspot. 0 means unlimited
Session timeoutinteger; Default: ” “A timeout in seconds after users are automatically disconnected from the Hotspot. The timeout countdown begins when a user is authenticated to the Hotspot and, after an amount of time specified in this field, the user gets disconnected from the Hotspot. 0 means unlimited
Download bandwidthinteger; Default: ” “Maximum download bandwidth that the users assigned to this template can achieve. Bandwidth can be specified in Kbit/s or Mbit/s
Upload bandwidthinteger; Default: ” “Maximum upload bandwidth that the users assigned to this template can achieve. Bandwidth can be specified in Kbit/s or Mbit/s
Download limitinteger; Default: ” “A received data limit that the users assigned to this template can reach. After the data limit is reached, the user will lose data connection. Download limit is specified in MB
Upload limitinteger; Default: ” “A sent data limit that the users assigned to this template can reach. After the data limit is reached, the user will lose data connection. Upload limit is specified in MB
PeriodMonth | Week | Day; Default: MonthThe beginning of the period during which the restriction specified in this section will apply. After the period is over, all specified limits are reset
Start day | Start hourinteger [1..31] | Monday..Sunday | integer [1..24]; Default: day 1Specifies which day of the month, week or hour of the day the limits will be reset

Advertisement #

The Advertisement Authentication mode doesn’t use any kind of actual authentication. Instead when a user connects to the Hotspot he first gets redirected to a specified advertisement page. After that the user is free to use the Hotspot.

Services hotspot configuration advertisement v3.PNG
Field NameValueDescription
Configuration profileCustom | Cloud4wi | Hotspotsystem; Default: CustomIf not set to Custom, Configuration profile selections will automatically fill all the fields in accordance with the chosen profile. It also automatically adds an exception for the chosen service in the Walled Garden section. Used only with External radius Authentication mode.
Enableyes | no; Default: noToggles Wi-Fi Hotspot ON or OFF
AP IPip; Default: 192.168.2.254/24Access Point IP address defines the IP address of your Hotspot’s network
Authentication modeExternal radius | Internal radius | Without radius | Advertisement | MAC auth | SMS OTP; Default: Without radiusAuthentication mode defines how users will connect to the Hotspot
Advertisement addresshost | ip; Default: ” “The address of the advertisement page that newly connected users will be redirected to
HTTPS redirectyes | no; Default: noRedirects HTTP pages to landing page
SSL key file.key file; Default: ” “SSL key file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
SSL certificate file.crt file; Default: ” “SSL certificate file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
Use custom DNSyes | no; Default: noEnables the use of custom DNS servers instead of your regular DNS
DNS server 1 | DNS server 2ip; Default: ” “Additional DNS servers that are to be used by the Hotspot. These fields become visible only if Use custom DNS is enabled

MAC auth #

MAC auth Authentication mode authenticates users by their MAC address. A list of accepted or unaccepted MAC addresses can be configured in the router’s WebUI’s Wireless section under Interface Configuration->MAC Filter

Services hotspot configuration mac v 2.PNG
Field NameValueDescription
Configuration profileCustom | Cloud4wi | Hotspotsystem; Default: CustomIf not set to Custom, Configuration profile selections will automatically fill all the fields in accordance with the chosen profile. It also automatically adds an exception for the chosen service in the Walled Garden section. Used only with External radius Authentication mode.
Enableyes | no; Default: noToggles Wi-Fi Hotspot ON or OFF
AP IPip; Default: 192.168.2.254/24Access Point IP address defines the IP address of your Hotspot’s network
Logout addresshost | ip; Default: 1.1.1.1An address that can be used by users to logout from the Hotspot session
Authentication modeExternal radius | Internal radius | Without radius | Advertisement | MAC auth | SMS OTP; Default: Without radiusAuthentication mode defines how users will connect to the Hotspot
Terms of serviceyes | no; Default: noIf enabled, users have to agree to the Terms of service before logging in. Custom Terms of service can be defined in the Landing Page section
Password protectionyes | no; Default: noEnables Hotspot password protection
Passwordstring; Default: ” “A password used to authenticate connecting clients to the Hotspot
Website access linkLink | Auto redirect | Custom address; Default: noRequested website access mode
ProtocolHTTP | HTTPS; Default: HTTPConnection protocol of your Hotspot
HTTPS redirectyes | no; Default: noRedirects HTTP pages to landing page
SSL key file.key file; Default: ” “SSL key file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
SSL certificate file.crt file; Default: ” “SSL certificate file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
Use custom DNSyes | no; Default: noEnables the use of custom DNS servers instead of your regular DNS
DNS server 1 | DNS server 2ip; Default: ” “Additional DNS servers that are to be used by the Hotspot. These fields become visible only if Use custom DNS is enabled

SMS OTP #

With SMS OTP Authentication mode connecting users are prompted to enter their phone number. After that, the router sends and SMS message containing a code to the specified number. Users then authenticate themselves to the Hotspot using this code.

Services hotspot configuration sms v 2.PNG
Field NameValueDescription
Configuration profileCustom | Cloud4wi | Hotspotsystem; Default: CustomIf not set to Custom, Configuration profile selections will automatically fill all the fields in accordance with the chosen profile. It also automatically adds an exception for the chosen service in the Walled Garden section. Used only with External radius Authentication mode.
Enableyes | no; Default: noToggles Wi-Fi Hotspot ON or OFF
AP IPip; Default: 192.168.2.254/24Access Point IP address defines the IP address of your Hotspot’s network
Authentication modeExternal radius | Internal radius | Without radius | Advertisement | MAC auth | SMS OTP; Default: Without radiusAuthentication mode defines how users will connect to the Hotspot
ProtocolHTTP | HTTPS; Default: HTTPConnection protocol of your Hotspot
HTTPS redirectyes | no; Default: noRedirects HTTP pages to landing page
SSL key file.key file; Default: ” “SSL key file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
SSL certificate file.crt file; Default: ” “SSL certificate file used for authentication. This field becomes visible only if HTTPS redirect is enabled
Use custom DNSyes | no; Default: noEnables the use of custom DNS servers instead of your regular DNS
DNS server 1 | DNS server 2ip; Default: ” “Additional DNS servers that are to be used by the Hotspot. These fields become visible only if Use custom DNS is enabled

Walled Garden #

You can configure a list of addresses that users connected to the Hotspot will be able to reach without any authentication. By default this list is empty. Click the Add button to add a new address.

Services hotspot configuration walled garden.png
Field NameValueDescription
Enableyes | no; Default: noEnables or disables an entry of the list
Addresshost | ip; Default: ” “An address that users connected to the Hotspot can reach without authentication
Portinteger [0..65535]; Default: ” “Specifies the port through which the user can connect to the provided address. This field becomes visible only if Allow subdomains is disabled
Allow subdomainsyes | no; Default: noIf checked, users can connect to the specified address and all of its subdomains

Restricted Internet Access #

The Restricted Internet Access page provides you with the possibility to restrict internet access on Hotspot on specified hours. Blue squares represent restricted access, white squares – allowed access. Bellow is an example of a configuration that restricts internet access outside of working hours.

Services hotspot restricted list.PNG

Logging #

The Hotspot Logging section is used to periodically send Hotspot information to an FTP server.

Services hotspot logging configuration ftp.PNG
Field NameValueDescription
Enableyes | no; Default: noToggles logging to FTP ON or OFF
Server addresshost | ip; Default: your.ftp.serverFTP server address.
User namestring; Default: usernameUser name used for authentication when logging into an FTP server
Passwordstring; Default: ” “Password used for authentication when logging into an FTP server
Portinteger [0..65535]; Default: 21FTP server port
File name extrasNo extra information | MAC address | Serial number | Custom string; Default: No extra informationExtra information to be added to the log filename

FTP Upload Settings #

Here you can configure your timing settings for the log upload via FTP feature.

Services hotspot logging configuration ftp set.PNG
Field NameValueDescription
ModeFixed | Interval; Default: FixedThe scheduling mode to be used for uploading to FTP server
Hours | Minutes | Daystime; Default: 8 hours 15 minutesTime interval when the uploads will take place

Wifi Log/SMS OTP Log #

WiFi and SMS OTP logs show information about connections to your WiFi Hotspot. FTP logging has to be enabled.

Landing Page #

This section is used to define how your Hotspot’s Landing Page will look like.

Services hotspot landing page general.PNG

Template #

This is a template based on the default landing page. You can edit its HTML code to make it look however you want!

Services hotspot landing page template.PNG

Custom Landing Page #

Radius Server #

This section is used to configure your Radius Server for use with Internal radius Authentication mode

Services hotspot radius server.PNG
Field NameValueDescription
Enableyes | no; Default: noToggles Radius Server ON or OFF
Remote accessyes | no; Default: noToggles remote access to the Radius Server ON or OFF.
Authentication portinteger [0..65535]; Default: 1812Radius server authentication port
Accounting portinteger [0..65535]; Default: 1813Radius server accounting port

Session Settings #

Session Template is a set of rules that can be prescribed to a Hotspot user. A default template named unlimited is present in the router, but it has no configured restriction. You can edit the default template or you can create a custom template and configure it.

Services hotspot configuration session template.PNG
Field NameValueDescription
Idle timeoutinteger; Default: ” “A timeout in seconds after which idle users are automatically disconnected from the Hotspot. 0 means unlimited
Session timeoutinteger; Default: ” “A timeout in seconds after users are automatically disconnected from the Hotspot. The timeout countdown begins when a user is authenticated to the Hotspot and, after an amount of time specified in this field, the user gets disconnected from the Hotspot. 0 means unlimited
Download bandwidthinteger; Default: ” “Maximum download bandwidth that the users assigned to this template can achieve. Bandwidth can be specified in Kbit/s or Mbit/s
Upload bandwidthinteger; Default: ” “Maximum upload bandwidth that the users assigned to this template can achieve. Bandwidth can be specified in Kbit/s or Mbit/s
Download limitinteger; Default: ” “A received data limit that the users assigned to this template can reach. After the data limit is reached, the user will lose data connection. Download limit is specified in MB
Upload limitinteger; Default: ” “A sent data limit that the users assigned to this template can reach. After the data limit is reached, the user will lose data connection. Upload limit is specified in MB
PeriodMonth | Week | Day; Default: MonthThe beginning of the period during which the restriction specified in this section will apply. After the period is over, all specified limits are reset
Start day | Start hourinteger [1..31] | Monday..Sunday | integer [1..24]; Default: day 1Specifies which day of the month, week or hour of the day the limits will be reset

Users Configuration Settings #

The Users Configuration tab is used to create new, unique users that can connect to the Hotspot.

Services hotspot configuration user.PNG
Field NameValueDescription
Usernamestring; Default: ” “A custom user name used to authenticate clients connecting to the Hotspot
Passwordstring; Default: ” “A custom password for the specified user name
Session Templatestring; Default: unlimitedSession templates define session settings for different users. The unlimited Session Template is a default template with no restrictions. More on Session Template in the next section

Clients Configuration Settings #

Services hotspot radius server clients.PNG
Field NameValueDescription
Enableyes | no; Default: noToggles Clients Configuration ON or OFF
Client namestring; Default: ” “A custom user name used to authenticate clients connecting to the Hotspot
IP addressip; Default: ” “The IP address of the client
Netmaskinteger [0..32]; Default: ” “The netmask of the client
Radius shared secretstring; Default: ” “Radius shared secret used for communication between the client/NAS and the radius server

Statistics #

The Statistics page shows statistics about connections to the hotspot.

Services hotspot stats.PNG

Manage #

With the help of the Manage page you manage the users that are connected to your Hotspot. To reach the Manage window, go to Services->Hotspot. The Manage button will be located next to your Hotspot instance.

Services hotspot manage reach.PNG
Services hotspot manage.PNG

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