The Routing page is used to set up static and dynamic routes, routing tables and rules.
This manual page provides an overview of the Routing windows in RUTX11 devices.
If you’re having trouble finding this page or some of the parameters described here on your device’s WebUI, you should turn on “Advanced WebUI” mode. You can do that by clicking the “Basic” button under “Mode”, which is located at the top-right corner of the WebUI.
Routes ensure that network traffic finds its path to a specified host or network, both in local and remote network scenarios. Static routes are simply fixed routing entries in the routing table(s).
This section provides the possibility to configure custom static routes.
The Static IPv4 Routes section displays a list of user defined static IPv4 routes and provides the possibility to add and configure new ones. The list is empty by default.
To add a new route and begin editing, simply click the ‘Add’ button. Refer to the table below for information on static route configuration fields.
*Additional notes on ‘Target’ & ‘Netmask’ fields:
You can define a rule that applies to a single IP like this:
Furthermore, you can create target/netmask combinations that apply to a range of IPs. Refer to the table below for examples.
The Static IPv6 Routes section displays a list of user defined static IPv6 routes and provides the possibility to add and configure new ones. The list is empty by default.
The Advanced Static Routes section is used to configure policy-based routing infrastructures, which are usually used in more complex or specific networking scenarios.
Routing Tables store network routes. Tables are checked before every routing decision until a matching route is found. Having multiple tables allows the user to set up a policy routing infrastructure. Policy-based routing is a technique where routing decisions are based on policies (rule) set by the user.
The ‘Routing Tables’ section displays user created routing tables. By default, the list is empty.
To create a new table, look to the ‘Add New Routing Table’ section below. Enter an ID for the new table in the range of [1..252], enter a custom name and click the ‘Add’ button. The new table should appear in the ‘Routing Tables’ list. Click the ‘Edit’ button next to it to begin editing.
Refer to the table below for information on configuration fields for routing tables.
Routing Rules provide a way to route certain packets with exceptions, i.e., in accordance to a rule. ‘Routing Rules For IPv4’ displays user defined routing rules. It is empty by default. To create a new rule, click the ‘Add’ button and begin editing by clicking the ‘Edit’ button located to the right of the newly created rule.
Refer to table below for information on each configuration field.
Dynamic Routing provides the possibility to route data based on current network or device state instead of relying on static entries in the routing table. The RUTX11 device supports these dynamic routing protocols:
Each protocol is described in the sections below.
The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is a standardized exterior gateway protocol designed to exchange routing and reachability information among autonomous systems (AS) on the Internet. The protocol is often classified as a path vector protocol but is sometimes also classed as a distance-vector routing protocol. The Border Gateway Protocol makes routing decisions based on paths, network policies, or rule-sets configured by a network administrator and is involved in making core routing decisions.
Below is an example of BGP General settings section.
Below is an example of BGP Instance settings section.
Below is an example of BGP Peers section. You can create a new peer by clicking the ‘Add’ button.
By pressing Edit button you can find more settings related to BGP Peer.
Below is an example of BGP Peer Groups section. You can create a new group by writing a name and pressing Add button.
By pressing ‘Edit’ button you can find more settings related to BGP Peer Groups.
Below is an example of Access List Filters section.
You can add a new list by simply pressing Add button.
The Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is one of the oldest distance-vector routing protocols which employ the hop count as a routing metric. RIP prevents routing loops by implementing a limit on the number of hops allowed in a path from source to destination. The maximum number of hops allowed for RIP is 15, which limits the size of networks that RIP can support. A hop count of 16 is considered an infinite distance and the route is considered unreachable. RIP implements the split horizon, route poisoning and holddown mechanisms to prevent incorrect routing information from being propagated.
Below is an example of RIP General settings section.
Below is an example of RIP Interfaces settings section.
Below is an example of Access list filters settings section.
Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) is a routing protocol for Internet Protocol (IP) networks. It uses a link state routing (LSR) algorithm and falls into the group of interior gateway protocols (IGPs), operating within a single autonomous system (AS). It is defined as OSPF Version 2 in RFC 2328 for IPv4.
Below is an example of OSPF General settings section.
Below is an example of OSPF Interface settings section.
By pressing the Edit button you can find more settings related to OSPF Interface.
You should directed to a window such as this:
Below is an example of OSPF Area settings section.
To add a new OSPF area, look to the ‘Add New Area’ section. Enter a custom name and click the ‘Add’ button. Your new area will appear in the ‘OSPF Area’ list.
Below is an example of OSPF Networks settings section.
To add a new OSPF network, look to the ‘Add New Network’ section. Enter a custom name and click the ‘Add’ button. Your new network will appear in the ‘OSPF Networks’ list.
Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) is an advanced distance-vector routing protocol that is used on a computer network for automating routing decisions and configuration.
Below is an example of EIGRP General settings section.
Next Hop Resolution Protocol (NHRP) is a protocol or method that can be used so that a computer sending data to another computer can learn the most direct route (the fewest number of hops) to the receiving computer.
Below is an example of NHRP General settings section.
Below is an example of NHRP Interfaces settings section. By default, it is empty.
To add a new NHRP interface, look to the ‘Add New Interface’ section. Enter a custom name and click the ‘Add’ button. Your new interface will appear in the ‘Interfaces’ list.
By pressing the Edit button you can find more settings related to NHRP Interface.
Below is an example of the NHRP Mappings Configuration section.
To add a new configuration click the ‘Add’ button and it will appear in the ‘NHRP Mappings Configuration’ list.
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